Soundproofing Case Stories and Applications

Physical characteristics of gunfire impulse noise and its attenuation by hearing protectors.

The peak sound pressure level (SPL), spreading of pressure wave and other physical characteristics of the impulse noise from weapons were studied in actual shooting conditions for assessment of gunfire noise exposure. Additionally, the attenuation of SPL by hearing protectors was measured with miniature microphones to evaluate protection efficiency in real shooting cond?ions. The peak SPLs at the shooter’s ear ranged from 132 dB (miniature rifle) to 183 dB (howitzer). The spectral content of the main part of the acoustic energy was less than 400 Hz (peak 16-100 Hz) for large-caliber weapons and 150-2,500 Hz (peak 900-1,500 Hz) for small-caliber weapons (rifles). The safe distances from the noise source (less than 140 dB peak SPL) were 50-200 m for large-caliber weapons. Rifle impulses (assault rifle, caliber 7.62) had a peak SPL of 154 dB at a distance of 4 m from the muzzle. The peak SP Ls of different explosives ranged from 125 to 185 dB at distances of 10 to 300 m. In rifle shooting, the attenuation efficiency of earplugs (16dB) or small-volume (thin) earmuffs (17 dB) was not sufficient and their use as sole protectors cannot be recommended. Instead, large-volume earmuffs should be used. Impulses from pistol and shotgun were fairly effectively attenuated both by small­volume and large-volume earmuffs. All kinds of earmuffs appeare<I to be ineffective (attenuation less than 15 dB) against impulses from large­caliber weapons with energy content at very low frequencies. Therefore, the combined use of earmuffs and earplugs is recommended for the most noisy operations. On the basis of the present data, wider safety zones were adopted in the Finish Defence Forces at shooting with different weapons.  (National Institute of Health)

Reducing RV Diesel Engine Noise

This fiberglass composite is used in a diesel engine compartment located in the rear of a large motorhome. In addition to the noise reduction, the design engineers were pleased to have the heat barrier and fire protection that the noise blankets offered. These blankets are usually between 1″ and 2″ thick and have sewn perimeter edges as well as sewn penetrations.

Fiberglass composite used in soundproofing a diesel engine

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Fiberglass composite used in a diesel engine

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Quieting a ShopVac.